Research and consulting in Niger
IOA’s history of conducting research and providing consulting services on Niger informs the insights we offer on all aspects of the country’s economy, politics and society. Our economists have noted that while the country possesses one of the world’s largest uranium deposits and has other mineral reserves, the largely impoverished population survives on subsistence agriculture. The landlocked country’s economy focuses on agriculture to the exclusion of other sectors. Climate change presents a hazard that accounted for lower crop yields in 2021 and 2022.
Oil represents an economic bright spot. With the completion of an oil pipeline to Benin, oil exports will grow significantly, reducing the country’s large account deficit. It remains to be seen whether the Nigerien people will see any financial benefits or whether these will only profit the country’s elite. However, since Niger’s return to democratic governance in 2011, strides have been made against corruption and the firming of democratic institutions, culminating in the first peaceful transfer of power following the 2021 elections.
Key opportunities in Niger:
- The energy sector is about to take off with the completion of the Niger-Benin pipeline
- Agriculture has potential for export crops
- Mineral deposits include substantial reserves of uranium
Key concerns/risks in Niger:
- Climate change threatens the country’s delicate Sahel ecology
- Problematic economic freedom hinders investment
- Industry and basic infrastructure are underdeveloped
A sample IOA research report on Niger: